Waterway floras are not as common as we might imagine.
But the Florida Keys, home to some of the state’s largest and most famous floras, is home to many unique habitats, from the rare blue-water flora of the Key West to the massive floras of the Keys, Palm Beach and Broward counties.
And these are the ones we’re most concerned about, according to researchers who study these unique species.
And it’s a question that scientists have been asking for decades: Why do these floras thrive and grow in the most inhospitable environments?
A new study is providing new answers to these questions and will help us understand how to best protect them in the future.
In the late 1980s, researchers at the University of Florida, then known as the University for Environmental Science and Policy (UEEP), set out to answer these questions.
A team of scientists studied the floras’ food resources and water quality in the Keys and the state of Florida and concluded that floras could grow in very low-oxygen environments.
In low-co2 water, oxygen levels drop.
So the flora can grow at anaerobic conditions where the oxygen is low and nutrient concentrations are high.
The floras that live in low-CO2 habitats don’t have the same food resources as their more highly oxygenated counterparts.
This creates a “negative feedback loop” that leads to the development of algae blooms that are the culprits of CO2 blooms, says Elizabeth Wintemute, an ecology and evolutionary biologist at the university.
These blooms are usually very damaging, with the florids dying within weeks and leaving behind tiny algae that can decompose quickly.
And because they are so low in oxygen, floras also can’t tolerate the water temperatures that are needed for photosynthesis, so they die in very short order.
But now, researchers have another piece to the puzzle.
As CO2 levels rise in the atmosphere, the water molecules in the air that flora use to communicate with one another are more likely to react with the oxygen in the water and create CO2, explains Winte.
“So the oxygen content of the water decreases and the floral water becomes more acidic.”
In this way, the flores are creating an acid-loving environment, which means that they are less able to metabolize the CO2 and can die faster.
That’s why it’s important to protect floras by providing them with high-oxyglass habitat, which allows them to survive these changes, says David Stokes, a Florida Keys flora ecologist and a member of the study team.
And this can help floras to thrive and thrive in the least polluted water possible.
The Keys are the largest and one of the most biodiverse floras in the world, with more than 5,000 species of floras found in its wetlands.
They range from the abundant blue- and white-floras of Palm Beach to the rare, but more common, red- and yellow-flora of Keys, and they are found all over the state.
But for decades, the Keys were home to just three species of species of the florets: the yellow-fleshed red flora, which is found in the central and southern Keys, is the only known species of this flora; the blue-fledging yellow flora lives in the north and west of the Florida peninsula; and the large, yellow-tailed red florist is found only in the southeastern Keys.
So, it was the floric red floras who dominated the area.
In 1985, a team of researchers from the University and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) started looking for these elusive floras.
Their efforts included a study of more than 2,000 floras and found that only the yellow and blue-flowered floras survive the winter months.
Then in 2007, a group of scientists from the National Park Service (NPS) set out on an expedition to the Keys to study the floret community.
On their first day on the island, they found a population of floret populations, which they identified as yellow- and blue-, as well as the yellow floras known as yellow and red-flier.
Then they started the study of the red-flotted floras under a new name, and a second survey revealed that more than 1,000 populations of flores had been found.
This led to the designation of the genus and species red floret in 2008.
But scientists have struggled to find a name for the red flores, because red flotas are often found as small populations that can live for months in the same water.
To help scientists better understand red floris, researchers are studying their diet, their water quality, and how the red flowers interact with their surrounding environment.
In a recent study, Wintema and her colleagues identified two types of red flotsam